Humanssports! Everywhere you look, you find people watching, playing or sports. Newspapers and TV are full of sports events, scores and gossip. Countries worldwide invest in sports training, and facilities.
Whether it's sumo or soccer, bowling or badminton, baseball or the Olympics, humanssports. But why? Here are four different .
The first theory, proposed by theJohan Huizinga, argues that sports developed from our for play. Humans, he said, are animals. , they create games, agree on rules, then spend hours having fun.
One example is golf. According to some accounts, this was invented bywho by hitting stones into rabbit holes while their sheep.
The second theory argues that sports developed from hunting. Thousands of years ago, ourdepended on hunting to survive. To do this, they alone or in groups with and stones to kill their .
When hunting, the most important thing is to hit the target. No hit, no dinner! Totheir skills, ancient humans practiced.
That's why, even today, many sportscontests to see who can hit a target. The only difference between our ancestors and us is that they aimed at animals while we aim at baskets, strike zones and bowling pins.
The third theory argues that sports is afor war. The evidence for this lies in the language we use for sports. Military are everywhere!
Football matches are "battles." Rival teams are "the enemy."are "massacres."
Throughout history, armies have clashed and soldiers have fought to the death. Sportsas a peaceful way to our violent instincts and them in friendly competition. The only difference is that today's weapons are tennis rackets and soccer balls swords and arrows.
The fourth theory argues that sports developed as a way for men tosex and status. Like other animals, humans are a species in which males compete for the attention of females. Nature provides many examples of this. Whether gorillas, or kangaroos, the typical pattern is that males fight while females watch. The gains social status and the chance to with his admirers.
Sports are no different. Just look at today's superstar athletes, their global fame, the million-dollar salaries and the sex appeal they gain as the benefits of victory. Ashave changed, these rewards are now being enjoyed by female athletes.
So there you have four theories about why humans do sports: for play, as practice for hunting, as a substitute for war, and as a way to gain sex and status. All of these are true. But which is most ? You decide!
The Japan Times ST: March 3, 2017