Adverbs are words that can be used to modify other words like verbs, adjectives and adverbs. For example:
◆ Verb: He speaks quickly.
◆ Adjective: It is really big.
◆ Adverb: He sang very quietly.
Another use of adverbs is to modify sentences. These are called "sentence adverbs" and today we will take a look at some ways we can use sentence adverbs in our conversations and writing.
Sentence adverbs often come at the beginning of a sentence. They are often used to show the attitude, mood or feelings of the speaker. For example:
◆ Unfortunately, I can’t come to your birthday party. (= I feel it is unfortunate that I can’t go.)
◆ Sadly, we didn’t make it to the top of Mount Fuji. (= I feel it is sad that we didn’t make it.)
◆ Obviously, we need to do more research on this topic. (= I feel it is obvious that we need to do more research.)
It is also possible to put sentence adverbs at the end of a sentence or even in the middle of a sentence. For example:
◆ I was stuck in heavy traffic, but fortunately, I made it to the airport in time.
◆ My father’s surgery, happily, was very successful and he is doing well.
◆ I’m too tired to go out, frankly.